Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with gum (periodontal) health.
In order to maintain excellent gum health and prevent periodontal disease, one must brush twice a day and never forget to floss daily. They should also be sure to see their hygienist or periodontist routinely for a professional cleaning.
When a person fails to look after their gums properly, gum disease can quickly set in. The initial phase of gum disease is referred to as gingivitis. In this phase, the gums will bleed with brushing or flossing as they are inflamed and in an unhealthy state. Luckily, this early form of gum disease can be reversed with thorough cleaning, and with proper changes to a daily oral care routine. It's very important to floss in particular in order to prevent gum disease.
The second and final stage of gum disease is referred to as periodontitis, and occurs after a substantial period of gum health neglect. In this stage, gum and possibly some bone are lost, and the teeth become vulnerable to becoming loose and eventually falling out. Our Bowmanville dentist will be able to assess the severity of a patient's gum disease to conduct a proper treatment plan and get them back on the right track to healthy gums. Treatment varies from a deep cleaning involving scaling and root planing, or if the gum disease progression is significant, periodontal surgery may be necessary.
The gums require a combination of proper daily at-home care, as well as regular dental cleanings to stay healthy. And if you're one of those people who don't believe flossing to be necessary, please re-consider! You should be cleaning every surface of your teeth daily to keep your gums happy and disease-free… and flossing is the only way to clean in-between your teeth.